Important change in the gevent plugin shutdown/reload procedure !!!¶
The shutdown/reload phase when in gevent mode has been changed to better integrate with multithreaded (and multigreenlet) environments (most notably the newrelic agent).
Instead of “joining” the gevent hub, a new “dummy” greenlet is spawned and “joined”.
During shutdown only the greenlets spawned by uWSGI are taken in account, and after all of them are destroyed the process will exit. This is different from the old approach where the process wait for ALL the currently available greenlets (and monkeypatched threads).
If you prefer the old behaviout just specify the option –gevent-wait-for-hub
fixed CPython reference counting bug in rpc and signal handlers
improved smart-attach-daemon for slow processes
follow Rack specifications for QUERY_STRING,SCRIPT_NAME,SERVER_NAME and SERVER_PORT
report missing internal routing support (it is only a warning when libpcre is missing)
better ipcsem support during shutdown and zerg mode (added –persistent-ipcsem as special case)
fixed fastcgi bug exposed by apache mod_fastcgi
do not call pre-jail hook on reload
force linking with -lrt on solaris
report thunder lock status
allow custom priority in rsyslog plugin
FreeBSD jails native support¶
uWSGI got nativr FreeBSD jails support. Official documentation is here FreeBSD Jails
The Rados plugin¶
Author: Javier Guerra
Based on the The GlusterFS plugin plugin, a new one allowing access to Rados object storage is available:
The TunTap router¶
This new gateway is the result of tons of headaches while trying to build better (read: solid) infrastructures with Linux namespaces.
While dealing with uts, ipc, pid and filesystem namespaces is pretty handy, managing networking is a real pain.
We introduced lot of workaroud in uWSGI 1.9.15 (especially to simplify the veth management) but finally we realized that those systems do not scale in terms of management.
The TunTap router tries to solve the issue moving the networking part of jailed vassals in user space.
Basically each vassal create one or more tuntap devices. This devices are connected (via a unix socket) to the “tuntap router” allowing access from the vassal to the external network.
That means a single network interface in the main namespace and one for each vassal.
The performance are already quite good (we are only losing about 10% in respect of kernel-level routing) but can be optimized.
In addition to this the tuntap router has a simple userspace firewall you can use to manage complex routing rules.
Documentation is still in progress, but you can configure a tuntap router following the big comment on top of this file:
while you can connect to it with
--tuntap-device <dev> <socket> where <dev> is the tuntap device to create in the vassal/client and <socket> is the unix address
of the tuntap router
An Example Emperor
[uwsgi] tuntap-router = emperor0 /tmp/tuntap.socket exec-as-root = ifconfig emperor0 192.168.0.1 netmask 255.255.255.0 up exec-as-root = iptables -t nat -F exec-as-root = iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -o eth0 -j MASQUERADE exec-as-root = echo 1 >/proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward emperor-use-clone = ipc,uts,fs,pid,net emperor = /etc/vassals
and one of its vassals:
[uwsgi] tuntap-device = uwsgi0 /tmp/tuntap.socket exec-as-root = ifconfig lo up exec-as-root = ifconfig uwsgi0 192.168.0.2 netmask 255.255.255.0 up exec-as-root = route add default gw 192.168.0.1 exec-as-root = hostname foobar socket = /var/www/foobar.socket psgi-file = foobar.pl
Latest Linux kernel support a new operational mode for opening files: O_TMPFILE
this flag open a temporary file (read: unlinked) without any kind of race conditions.
This mode is automatically used if available (no options needed)
When dealing with Linux namespaces, changing the root filesystem is one of the main task.
chroot() is generally too simple, while pivot-root allows you more advanced setup
The syntax is
--pivot-root <new_root> <old_root>
Author: Łukasz Mierzwa
This new check allows control of dynamic process spawning based on the RSS usage:
There are dozens of log engines and storage system nowadays. The original uWSGI approach was developing a plugin for every engine.
While working with logstash and fluentd we realized that most of the logging pluging are reimplementations of the same concept over and over again.
We followed an even more modular approach introducing log encoders:
They are basically patterns you can apply to each logline
New “advanced” Hooks¶
A new series of hooks for developers needing little modifications to the uWSGI cores are available.
Documention about the whole hooks subsystem is now available (it is a work in progress):
New mount/umount hooks¶
When dealing with namespaces and jails, mounting and unmounting filesystems is one of the most common tasks.
As the mount and umount commands could not be available during the setup phase, these 2 hooks have been added directly calling the syscalls.
uWSGI 1.9.16 has been released on September 14th 2013. You can download it from: